Capacitors are electrical elements that store charge on parallel electrode plates. They are not batteries that operate chemically. Capacitors store more charge with closer parallel electrode plates. The higher the dielectric constant between the plates the more charge is stored. The value of embedded capacitors will be defined by dielectric area as well as dielectric thickness.

Even conventional epoxy glass laminate has some capacitance value, and the oldest formed embedded capacitors were carefully controlled using thin conventional glass/epoxy laminate layers. Both epoxy resin and E-glass have dielectric constants of about 4 Dk, not a particularly large value. Eliminating the glass and adding compounds such as barium-titanate to the epoxy or polyimide resin, however, dielectric constants can be expanded into the 10 to 20 Dk range. When higher capacitance values are needed, dielectric containing ceramic or inorganic compositions must be adopted. More advanced technologies demonstrate dielectric constants in the 100 to 2000 Dk range to enable the forming of larger value capacitors inside the circuit board layer system. These larger capacitors are useful for decoupling, one of the primary uses of capacitors.

 

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Type of Capacitors

Ceramic Capacitors

Capacitors with ceramic as the dielectric and metal films on both sides, have the characteristics of small size and high temperature resistance, and are often used in high-frequency circuits.

MLCCs

MLCCs (Multi-Layer Ceramic Capacitors) are miniaturized electronic components that consist of multiple layers of ceramic dielectric material stacked together with internal electrodes. They are widely used in electronic devices due to their small size, high capacitance, and good frequency response. 

Aluminum electrolytic capacitors

Uses an aluminum cylinder as the negative electrode, fills it with liquid electrolyte, and inserts a curved aluminum strip as the positive electrode. It is characterized by large capacity, large leakage, poor stability, positive and negative polarity, and is suitable for power supply filtering or low-frequency circuits.

Silicon RF Capacitors Thin Film

Silicon RF Capacitors Thin Film are miniaturized electronic components that employ silicon technology to offer high-frequency performance in radio frequency (RF) applications.

Supercapacitors/ Ultracapacitors

Supercapacitors, also known as ultracapacitors, are high-performance electronic components that can store and release large amounts of energy much faster than traditional batteries. They have a much higher charge storage capacity and faster charge/discharge rates compared to conventional capacitors.

Polymer Capacitors

Capacitors with a polymer material as the dielectric (insulating layer), offering high capacitance, low ESR, and excellent frequency response. Widely used in consumer electronics, automotive systems, and industrial equipment due to their reliability and performance.

Mica capacitor

It has the advantages of high frequency response, low loss, good stability and long service life. It is often used in circuits such as radio transceivers, broadcast equipment, antenna matching adjustment, filtering, and voltage stabilization.

Niobium Oxide Capacitors

A capacitor made of metal niobium as the positive electrode, dilute sulfuric acid and other liquid as the negative electrode, and the oxide film generated on the surface of niobium as the dielectric. It is characterized by small size, large capacity, stable performance, long life, It has large insulation resistance and good temperature characteristics, and is used in equipment with higher requirements.

Tantalum capacitor

An electrolytic capacitor made of metal tantalum as a medium. It has the characteristics of small size, large capacitance, excellent performance and good stability. It is widely used in military communications, aerospace, industrial control, film and television equipment, communication instruments, etc. field

Motor Run Capacitors

Used in single-phase AC motors to improve motor’s performance and efficiency by creating a phase shift between the motor’s windings, allowing the motor to start and run smoothly.

Trimmer/ Variable Capacitors

Electronic components that can change their capacitance (ability to store charge) over a range of values. They consist of a set of plates that can be rotated or adjusted to change the spacing between them, altering the capacitance. These capacitors are often used in electronic circuits to tune frequencies or adjust resonance.

Film Capacitors

Film capacitors are electronic components that employ thin metallized polymer films as their dielectric, providing high capacitance values, low losses, and excellent stability. They are widely used in various applications such as AC power supplies, filtering circuits, and timing devices due to their reliability and performance.

Top Capacitor Manufacturers

Popular used Capacitor manufacturers, ranking in no particular order. 

distributors

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